Monday, May 25, 2020
The Yellow Wallpaper, has an autobiographical element to it. It was written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The piece of work concentrates on many different aspects of literature. The Yellow Wallpaper, has an autobiographical element to it. It was written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The piece of work concentrates on many different aspects of literature. It can be evaluated with ten different types of literary criticism: formalist, biographical, historical, psychological, mythological, sociological, gender, reader-response, deconstructionist, and cultural studies. Formalist criticism regards human knowledge that needs to be examined on its own terms. It concentrates around the style, structure, imagery, tone, and genre. InÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Gilman is most renounced for her short story, The Yellow Wallpaper. Her life story became the basis of this story. After her first child, Gilman experienced severe depression and her doctor prescribed her with a rest cure. The doctor in the story is much like the doctor that Gilman was treated by in her life. She was also prevented from picking up a pen or brush, which symbolizes, using her intellect. She pulled back from the brink of insanity by ignoring the doctors orders, leaving her husband, and becoming a successful writer. The main character in this story is living almost a mirror image of the authors life. The main character is trapped in a room with yellow wallpaper and is made to rest there to cure her depression. Gilman most likely uses this piece of work to show what she went through in her life. The parts that she did not include in the story are probably parts of her life that she is ashamed of or wishes she could change. Historical criticism seeks to understand a literary work by investigating the social, cultural, and intellectual context that produced it. The story is a reaction to the ethos of the time which dictated the very narrow confines of a womans life in the nineteenth century. It is a piece of feminist literature. It also has responds to the beliefsShow MoreRelatedThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman885 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbeen a stigma around mental illness and feminism. Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ was written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman in the 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s. Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ has many hidden truths within the story. The story was an embellished version her own struggle with what was most likely post-partum depression. As the story progresses, one can see that she is not receiving proper treatment for her depression and thus it is getting worse. Gilman uses the wallpaper and what she sees in it to symbolize her desire to escapeRead MoreThe Yellow Wall paper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman846 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHumans are flawed individuals. Although flaws can be bad, people learn and grow from the mistakes made. Charlotte Perkins GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s short story, Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ , gives one a true look at using flaws to help one grow. Gilman gives her readerÃ¢â¬â¢s a glimpse into what her life would have consisted of for a period of time in her life. Women were of little importance other than to clean the house and to reproduce. This story intertwines the reality of what the lives of woman who were considered toRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman1362 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesas freaks. In the short story Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, both of these elements are present. Gilman did a wonderful job portraying how women are not taken seriously and how lightly mental illnesses are taken. Gilman had, too, had firsthand experience with the physician in the story. Charlot te Perkins Gilman s believes that there really was no difference in means of way of thinking between men or women is strongly. Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ is a short story about a woman whoRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman1547 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCharlotte Perkins Gilman s career as a leading feminists and social activist translated into her writing as did her personal life. Gilman s treatment for her severe depression and feelings of confinement in her marriage were paralleled by the narrator in her shorty story, The Yellow Wallpaper. Charlotte Perkins Gilman was born in 1860 in Hartford, Connecticut. Her parents, Mary Fitch Perkins and Fredrick Beecher Perkins, divorced in 1869. Her dad, a distinguished librarian and magazine editorRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman2032 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a poem about women facing unequal marriages, and women not being able to express themselves the way they want too. Charlotte Perkins Gilman was born in 1860, and died in 1935. This poem was written in 1892. When writing this poem, women really had no rights, they were like menÃ¢â¬â¢s property. So writing Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ during this time era, was quite shocking and altered society at the time. (Charlotte Perkins Gilman and the Feminization ofRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman904 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescom/us/definiton/americaneglish/rest-cure?q=rest+cure). Charlotte Perkins Gilman wrote The Yellow Wallpaper as a reflection of series of events that happened in her own life. Women who fought the urge to be the typical stereotype were seen as having mental instabilities and were considered disobedient. The societal need for women to conform to the standards in the 1800s were very high. They were to cook, clean and teach their daughters how to take care of the men. Gilman grew up without her father and she vowedRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman999 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ is a story of a woman s psychological breakdown, which is shown through an imaginative conversation with the wallpaper. The relationship between the female narrator and the wallpaper reveals the inner condition of the narrator and also symbolically shows how women are oppressed in society. The story, read through a feminist lens, reflects a woman s struggle against the patriarchal power structure. In the Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ , Charlotte Perkins Gilman uses the wallpaperRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman Essay1208 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthat wallpaper as I did?Ã¢â¬ the woman behind the pattern was an image of herself. She has been the one Ã¢â¬Å"stooping and creeping.Ã¢â¬ The Yellow Wallpaper was written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. In the story, three characters are introduced, Jane (the narrator), John, and Jennie. The Yellow Wallpaper is an ironic story that takes us inside the mind and emotions of a woma n suffering a slow mental breakdown. The narrator begins to think that another woman is creeping around the room behind the wallpaper, attemptingRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman846 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe dignified journey of the admirable story Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ created by Charlotte Perkins GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s, gave the thought whether or not the outcome was influenced by female oppression and feminism. Female oppression and feminist encouraged a series of women to have the freedom to oppose for their equal rights. Signified events in the story Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ resulted of inequality justice for women. Charlotte Perkins Gilman gave the reader different literary analysis to join the unjustifiableRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman1704 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEscaping The Yellow Wallpaper Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935) whom is most acclaimed for her short story The Yellow Wallpaper (1891) was a womenÃ¢â¬â¢s author that was relatively revolutionary. Gilman makes an appalling picture of captivity and confinement in the short story, outlining a semi-personal photo of a young lady experiencing the rest cure treatment by her spouse, whom in addition to being her husband was also her therapist. Gilman misused the rest cure in The Yellow Wallpaper to alarm other
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The Role of Female African American Sculptors in the Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance, a time of global appreciation for the black culture, was a door opening for African American women. Until then, African Americans, let alone African American women, were neither respected nor recognized in the artistic world. During this time of this New Negro Movement, women sculptors were able to connect their heritages with the present issues in America. There is an abundance of culture and history to be learned from these sculptures because the artists creatively intertwine both. Meta Warrick Fuller and Edmonia Lewis, two of the most popular sculptors of this time, were able to reflect their native heritages and the dynamics of societyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦34). Even though African American art was more accepted during the Harlem Renaissance, these artists still faced the effects of being of this descent: discrimination, segregation, etc. The Harlem Renaissance began in the 1910Ã¢â¬â¢s and lasted until the late 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s and early 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s. This movement of hope was strategically placed: Harlem was the largest black community in the country and New York was the center of the arts and also AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s top publishing center. The Harlem Renaissance was a moment of hope and confidence, a proclamation of independence, and the celebration of a new spirit exemplified in the New Negro (Fabre Feith, 2001, p.2). This celebration of the New Negro brought African Americans confidence and hope that a new racial attitude would come forth. Alain Locke, one of the leaders in this new movement, encouraged artists of the time to express Africanism in their art forms. He believed that art was a way to teach not just African Americans but all Americans, about the connection between black America and AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s rich culture. His goal was to control and recreate the image of black people, refusing to be categorized by the outside world. Locke, joined in thought by many African Americans, was tired of the stigmatisms of being black. He wanted a new image and concluded that this was the perfect time to go forShow MoreRelatedNew York City: History and Landmarks4966 Words Ã |Ã 20 Pages(shell beads). Fewer than 300 people lived in New Amsterdam when the settlement moved to Manhattan. But it grew quickly, and in 1760 the city (now called New York City; population 18,000) surpassed Boston to become t he second-largest city in the American colonies. Fifty years later, with a population 202,589, it became the largest city in the Western hemisphere. Today, more than 8 million people live in the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s five boroughs. New York City in the 18th Century In 1664, the British seized New
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Biodiversity: is Biomedicine Necessary I. INTRODUCTION The world has evolved. With each passing day new windows of opportunity are opened and new knowledge has been reached. Unluckily, with the evolution of humans diseases and viral micro-bodies evolved and became deadlier than ever. That when biomedicine, medicines that are made using bioorganic components and data extracted from life forms, was placed as a sole solution wen other solutions failed. Although it is clearly needed for our survival, some people questions its impact on the ecosystem and whether if we truly need it. This report will discuss the matter of extracting medicine from life forms, proving that it is essential for humanÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦After fore centauries, they started designing and experimenting on animals, and extracting information from their resistance to some diseases. At the early 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s, natural resources started to extinct where biomedicine experimentations prospered, and some researchers crossing the moral limits. Whish compelled gover nments to restrict animal experimentations and legislating new lows on such researches. At the end of this period people stated questioning the motives of such experiments, and many natural activists opposed these medical advances and tried to end biomedicine production proses. C. The Modern Era In this era, from 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s onward, especially after World War II where many plagues and epidemics spread in the world like cancer and HIV. The public view of biomedicine changed as it was revealed as in effective solution where other types of medicine failed. Under these circumstances many activists started supporting biomedicine production. However some still strongly hold on their beliefs. In that a historian said is it Ã¢â¬Å"bioÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"medicineÃ¢â¬ that we argue (LÃ ¶wy 121). It is true that it had many faces, and sometimes turns to evil but it is a necessary evil. Historians locked at the full picture of medicine and considered it a reflection of society (LÃ ¶wy 118). III. REJECTING BIOMEDICINE Although it is clear that we need biomedicines to survive this age, some national activists still fightingShow MoreRelatedThe Importance of Endangered Species in Our World1649 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesUnited States were used to locate Ã¢â¬Å"hot spotsÃ¢â¬ of threatened biodiversity. The hot spots for different species groups rarely overlap, except where anthropogenic activities reduce natural habitat in centers of endemism. Conserving endangered plant species maximizes the incidental protection of all other species groups. The presence of endangered birds and herptiles, however, provides a more sensitive indication of overall endangered biodiversity within any region. The amount of land that needs to be managedRead MoreScience and Technology13908 Words Ã |Ã 56 Pagesexample. Appliances such as washing machines and irons make many peoples lives easier, and televisions keep us entertained. Such technologies are useful when available. Science is a necessity for me now. However, many things aren t really necessary for people to live as humans. Poor people in India get by without using these technologies. Perhaps, just as I will never travel in space, there are certain extravagant aspects of science that normal people never encounter. I suppose it can t
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Gerber Critical Response People see cartoons everywhere from billboards to the New York Times, and at the glance of an eye the cartoon has to grab a persons attention. Gerber describes six basic needs for a successful cartoon in his essay, What is a Cartoon? . He loosely defines a cartoon as an, instant communication of a funny idea, and suggests that the six basic needs are a cast, dialogue, gesture, setting, composition, and a cliche location (Gerber 223).All of these will help capture a persons attention In a matter of seconds and make the cartoon worth looking at. The purpose behind Gerber essay Is to Inform his audience on how to create and understand political and editorial cartoons that will last a life time Instead of a matter of seconds. Gerber primary audience are the people Interested In cartoons. The people who make reading cartoons a habit and a hobby. The secondary audience re the cartoonists, the ones who create and want to Improve their cartoons. We will write a custom essay sample on Gerberg Critical Response or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page To successfully fulfill his purpose and Intent of writing his essay, Gerber uses examples from professional cartoonists. He identifies specific qualities in each cartoonists cartoon to provide adequate examples of the six guidelines. This evidence gathered from professionals is what makes Grabbers essay so successful. If people can point out these aids in the most popular cartoons, they will see how much t can help make a cartoon triumph over the rest of them and make it [.. 1 echo through a lifetime (Gerber 222). By showing his audiences how cartoons are made he hopes it will allow for a better understanding of the cartoon. Gerber did not persuade his audience but informed them about cartoons. He covered different views and definitions from deferent cartoonists and then provided a simple definition of is own.
Monday, April 6, 2020
Popular culture is a source of rich ideological concepts. There are several products of popular culture and they all represent different sociological and ideological viewpoints. Conducting an ideological analysis on a product of popular culture helps reveal the underlying ideologies that are perpetuated or formulated by that product.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Ideologies and Popular culture specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Advertisements are good examples of products of popular culture. Advertisements are mostly meant to infiltrate a certain component of the society with the aim of swaying certain views and ideologies. This paper explores the ideologies behind a popular MenÃ¢â¬â¢s body wash television commercial. This commercial features a well-built and good-looking man doing things that ordinary men do not do. In the commercial, this gentleman indulges in several ridiculous things that women might fantas ize men doing. During the end of the commercial, the man looks straight at the camera and supposedly addresses the female audience by telling women that their men cannot be like him, but they can at least smell as he does. No seriousness is contained in this commercial but it still carries with it some serious ideologies. The first thing this advertisement does is to misrepresent reality. In the beginning of the commercial, many unrealistic goals are set. Ordinary men cannot undertake the fetes that are accomplished by the gentleman in the commercial. However, the men can at least be able to smell like this gentleman. This gives the men some hope of having some similarities with the commercialÃ¢â¬â¢s enviable man. The main objective of this advertisement is to point out at the inadequacies of men and then offer them a means of improving themselves using Old Spice Body Wash. The men contained in the audience can potentially change their ideology about how they are supposed to appea r after watching this commercial. The commercial also leans heavily towards the capitalist ideology by making the men feel like they are lacking something just because they do not own this product.Advertising Looking for essay on social sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The humorous nature of this commercial might appeal to many cultures and people. Many people can relate to some of the jokes used in this commercial and subsequently make them part of their social groupÃ¢â¬â¢s ideology. In addition, the commercial has the ability to formulate a new ideology among men and women. The man in the commercial is addressing women associating good things and moments with Old Spice Body Wash. With time, some women are likely to start believing that women who use this product are likely to have similarities with the man in the commercial. In an attempt to attract women, some men would associate themselves with this product even tually forming a complete ideology about the relationship between the choice in body wash and personal characters. The commercial aims to perpetuate the ideology that real men use Old Spice Body Wash. Advertisements regularly perpetuate ideologies using cultural references. Several people hold what they consider to be solid ideologies. However, a close investigation would reveal they picked the ideologies from products of popular culture. For instance, prior to the Old Spice commercial, several men were not aware of its existence. However, after an intense advertising campaign Old Spice might become part of the society the same way popular products like Apple and Google have become. The ideology about body washes defining manhood might become a mainstream belief as a result of this commercial. In addition, the ideology might contribute to the formation of cultures and sub-cultures. Commercials and other products of popular culture are all directly linked to ideologies. An individual Ã¢â¬â¢s ideologies are a product of his/her culture. The ideologies that are propagated by this commercial will have people who conform to or stand against them. This essay on Ideologies and Popular culture was written and submitted by user Kaylynn C. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Monday, March 9, 2020
Beanium Lab Report Essays Beanium Lab Report Paper Beanium Lab Report Paper Nigerian beans, Mexican beans, calculator, and paper. Raw Data Bean Total Mass w/ Cup Number of Beans American Beans 17. 489 g 75 Nigerian Beans 5. 95 g 25 Mexican Beans 3. 106 g 53 Calculated Data/Graphs Total Mass w/o cup Average of each Bean Average Atomic Mass American bean 16. 749 g . 2233 g Nigerian bean 5. 255 g . 2102 g Mexican bean 2. 366 g . 0586 g . Eggs Sample Calculation Error Analysis During this lab there was no error in the outcome or predicted outcome. The lab showed the average of all three of the biennium isotopes. The average is what was expected from the calculations. Conclusion The purpose of this experiment was to find the average atomic mass of the three isotopes of biennium. The average atomic mass of biennium was . 1640 grams. This procedure was effective in determining the average atomic mass of an element. Answers to Post lab Questions What is average atomic mass? Average atomic mass is the average mass of different isotopes of a certain element. For an element with isotopes, what pieces of information are needed to calculate average atomic mass? The abundance and mass of each isotopes is needed to calculate the average atomic mass.
Friday, February 21, 2020
Health Economy - Essay Example (Fagnani, 1999). Principles Health economy plays an integral part in a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economy. The recent economic downturn has resulted in serious issues and one among them is the poor management of health economy. As the economic status of common people has gone through a tough phase, the government must help them in managing their medical expenses. This can be achieved by incorporating certain unique principles that would minimize their expenses. Insurance is one among the popular approaches that has been in use for many years. The main aim of insurance is to help the patients during surgeries or unexpected health problems. (Gruber, 2006). The insurance companies collect a minimum amount form the patients who enroll in their companies. This minimum premium amount is returned back to the investors during times of crisis. In this method, the investors are benefited since they receive the required amount of money when they are in need. This helps in the improvement of health econom y. Health financing agencies and organizations must be made compulsory in all the countries. This will ensure that the patients experience the entire benefit of the insurance scheme. (Kephart, 2007). Though this seems to be an efficient task, the amount of compensation is comparatively less. This leads to a situation where people do not get to experience the full benefits of the insurance policies. Most of the insurance policies include certain constraints that specify various restrictions. As these pre- conditions are not specified well in advance, it creates problem during the time of reimbursement. People find it difficult to manage with the amount provided by the insurance companies. Another option is to include discounting options in the medical bills. (Health Care, 2010).... Ã This essay discusses that the proposed evaluation method uses several concepts that enable the officials and the patients to have complete control over their medical expense. This also analyzes the medical expense incurred for a particular treatment. This enables the patient to be sure of the cost of each and every treatment. As the cost is known well in advance, the problem of huge medical bills is eradicated. Since the patients have an idea about the total cost of their treatment, they can easily pay back the money without much hassle.Ã Apart from this, the potential requirement of discount is more when compared to the other facilities. People are used to discounts and they prefer to get a certain amount at a discount from their medical bills. A clear analysis will help the hospital management and the concerned government to have a control over the health economy. In turn, will help them to maintain a stable facilitation that helps people. Ã Ã Ã Health economy is one that requires more attention when compared to the other ones in a country. Health intervention principles and policies lend a helping hand to the patients as well as the government in dealing with the increasing medical bills. The cost of implementing an evaluation method or a system depends on the hospital management and the concerned government. Even if the cost of implementing an evaluation system is more, the government must provide the necessary funds to implement them. This will certainly improve the existing situation and will help the patients at times of crisis. Ã Ã Ã
Wednesday, February 5, 2020
Research methods - Essay Example However, the use of codes and standards not enough to stop unethical research, and the issues surrounding power and responsibility still exist. Procedural ethics need to be combined with personal integrity and virtue to ensure the safety of the participants while allowing the researchers to gather information efficiently (Schienke et al. 2010:4). Therefore, procedural ethics alone does not meet these needs. This can be seen by the fundamental flaws in the design of ethical codes, the failure of such codes to adequately protect the subject and the researcher during a study, and finally in the ways that personal values and beliefs can be combined with procedural methods to arrive at the most ethical solution for a given problem. The fact that ethical codes are often written by those who do not actually participate in research studies leads to many of the fundamental problems with procedural ethics. Codes may written in vague and unscientific language, and sometimes are impractical in a ctual research situations, as ethics in practice may differ from ethics in theory (Roberts and Indermaur 2007). A researcher cannot always stop to consult a code or committee of ethics, and should be able to rely on his or her own moral judgment (Henn, Weinstein, and Foard 2006:73). The focus for improving ethical behaviour among researchers should therefore be on building individual moral virtue and integrity as much as or more so than attempting to perfect standards for behaviour (Devettere 2009:363). Researchers must pay close attention to the wording of their surveys or the nature of an interview, for example, in order to ensure the subject is entirely aware of their choices about participation; the procedural guidelines cannot possibly cover all informed consent situations. Poor research practices are not excused for mistakes or omissions; those practices remain unethical behaviour. (Hoye and Severinsson 2007). None of this, however, should be taken to mean that procedural ethi cs does not have a place in medical or social research. Prior to the existence of ethical codes, researchers often took part in studies that today seem horrifying, and there were very few consequences (McNeil 2010). Study subjects were exposed to dangerous and sometimes deadly situations, and were not always fully informed as to the true nature of the experiment (Henn, Weinstein, and Foard 2006:71). While the data gathered from such studies has been useful in medical science, it is obvious that such unethical practices could not be allowed to continue. Modern procedural ethics began with the Nuremberg Code, written as a result of the Nazi doctors war crimes tribunal. The first internationally accepted standards of behaviour for medical researchers, the Nuremberg Code is a listing of 10 points that should be met in ethical research on human subjects. (Hazelgrove n.d.) Highlights include voluntary informed consent, protection of the subject from harm, and that the risk of the experime nt must be lower than the predicted gain from the study (Mitscherlich and Mielke 1949). Despite this paradigm shift in the acceptability of research, in the years following the adoption of the Nuremberg Code, unethical research continued to occur. This was due in part to the fact that the legal standing of the code was unclear and was never actually cited in the
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Effectiveness of Educational Intervention for Mothers CHAPTER V DISCUSSION, SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, IMPLICATIONS, LIMITATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS This chapter deals with discussion, summary and conclusions drawn. It clarifies the limitations of the study, the implications and recommendations given for different areas in Nursing practice, Nursing education, Administration and Research. The primary purpose of the intervention was, Ã¢â¬Å"care of premature babiesÃ¢â¬ . DISSCUSSION: The birth of a baby before the developing organs is mature enough to allow normal postnatal survival. Premature infants are at greater risk for short and long term complications, including disabilities and impediments in growth and mental development. Significant progress has been made in the care of premature infants, but not in reducing theÃ prevalenceÃ of preterm birth. Preterm birth is among the top causes of death in infants worldwide DEMOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTION: Mean age of the respondents were years. Most of the respondents were in the age group of 21-30 years (72.5%). In regard to education out of 40 respondents 13(32.5%) were post graduate, occupation 32(80%) were employed, religion 37 (92.5%) belonged to Hindu religion, with regard to monthly income 16(40%) were under 11000-20000, as for the years of marriage 25(62.5%) respondents were married for 1-5 years. Regarding type of family 25(62.5%) were in nuclear family. Demographic variables of the babies were included, out of 40 mothers 25 (62.5%) were having male baby. Considering the weight of the baby 17 (39.5%) were having more than 2 kg, considering the type of delivery 32(80%) had LSCS. Regarding the gestational age 22(55%) was under 32+1-35 weeks of gestation. Regarding the number of hospitalization 19(47.5%) were less than 10 days. The first objective of the study was to assess the caring skills of mothers with premature babies The present study findings revealed that, the mean pretest knowledge score of the respondents were 12.12. The mean post test knowledge score obtained was 18. The findings revealed that, the mean coping abilities of mothers with premature baby was 82.65. Chen TJ et al., (1998) conducted a study on effectiveness of videotape education for mothers of prematurity. The researcher selected Sixty two mothers were randomly assigned to a control group or experimental group. During hospitalization mothers were assigned to the experimental group received additional study regarding the knowledge and skills of caring for premature infants. The mothers in the control group received routine educational care. The findings indicated that mothers who received a videotape education reported having more knowledge and confidence of caring their preterm babies than the mothers who were in the control group. Moreover mothers in the experimental group have perceived lower stress than in the control group. The second objective of the study was to determine the effect of educational intervention on caring skills and coping ability of mothers with premature babies The present study findings revealed that, that the mean pretest and post test knowledge score of respondents before and after the educational intervention on care of premature babies were 12.12 and 18 respectively. The tÃ¢â¬â¢ value is 21.32 for the mean difference in the pretest and post tests knowledge score of mothers with premature babies, it is significant at 0.05 levels. These findings substantiate that the educational intervention is effective intervention of knowledge gain. The finding is consistent with swati.s.,(2013) conducted a study on to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding management of low birth weight babies among postnatal mothers in selected community. Researcher selected forty postnatal mothers by using convenient sampling technique. Researcher used one group pretest posttest design. The conclusion of the study showed that overall mean score of the subjects in pretest was 56.25% with the standard deviation of 2.80, and the overall mean score of the posttest was 76.25%with the standard deviation of 2.28. The Ã¢â¬ËtÃ¢â¬â¢value 13.96 was greater than the table value. It found to be a highly significant level of p The findings revealed that, the mean coping abilities of mothers with premature baby was 82.65.the percentage of overall coping score was 65.59%. The third objective of the study was to correlate the caring skills and coping abilities of mothers with premature babies For correlation of caring skills and coping abilities of motherÃ¢â¬â¢s formula of correlation coefficient was used. The obtained value is .76 which shows that there exists a correlation between the caring skills and coping abilities of mothers with premature babies. The finding is consistent with Han, et al., study on the report of coping strategies and psychosocial adjustment in Korean mothers of children with cancer. Researcher selected 200 Korean mothers. The conclusion of this study was the Korean mothers reported coping strategies related to maintaining family integration of an optimistic outlook for the situation as being most helpful. The most frequent use of coping pattern was maintaining family integration and an optimistic outlook for the situation. And the less frequent use of coping pattern was the information seeking were significantly associated with lower physiological distress and better family relationship after childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s medical and maternal characteristics were controlled for. Coping pattern, seeking social support was only predictive of social support. The fourth objective of the study was to associate the caring skills and coping ability of mothers with selected demographic variables In this study there is no association between pretest and posttest knowledge of caring skills and coping abilities of mothers with premature babies with demographic variables of mothers with premature babies (education, occupation monthly income and type of the family). SUMMARY The study was done to determine the effectiveness of educational intervention on caring skills and coping abilities of mothers with premature babies in KMCH hospital at Coimbatore, for which the following objectives are formulated. Assess the caring skills of mothers with premature babies Determine the effect of educational intervention on caring skills and coping ability of mothers with premature babies Correlate the caring skills and coping abilities of mothers with premature babies Associate the caring skills and coping ability of mothers with selected demographic variables The present study adopted single pretest posttest design forty respondents were selected by purposive sampling technique. The study is based on Modified Ludwigvon Bertalanffy general system model (1968). The study was conducted for a period of six weeks in KMCH. The tool for data collection are structured self administered questionnaire for assessing the caring skills of mothers with premature babies and CHIPS(coping health inventory for parents) to assessing the coping abilities of mothers with premature babies. The educational intervention given to the mother by computer. After the seventh day post test and coping ability was assessed through CHIPS. In the post test the entire respondents gained knowledge regarding caring skills of mothers with premature babies. Descriptive and inferential statistics was used in statistical analysis. Karl personÃ¢â¬â¢s coefficient of correlation was used to find out the correlation between caring skills and coping abilities of mothers with premature babies. Chi Ã¢â¬âsquare was used to find out association between background variables with caring skills and coping abilities of mothers with premature babies. The study tested and accepted that, there is a high positive correlation between caring skills and coping abilities of mothers with premature babies. MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY The mean pretest knowledge of the respondents were 12.12 The mean posttest knowledge of the respondents were 18 The mean coping abilities the respondents were 82.65 The Ã¢â¬ËtÃ¢â¬â¢ value is 21.32 for the mean difference in the pretest posttest knowledge score of respondents which is statistically significant at 0.05 level. CONCLUSION The following conclusion was drawn from the study. Effectiveness of one to one teaching programme improving the motherÃ¢â¬â¢s caring skills of premature babies. The study proved that there is a significant difference between pretest and posttest knowledge of caring skills of mothers premature babies. The study proved that the caring skills was positively correlated with their coping score The study proved that there is no association between the caring skills and coping abilities with their selected demographic variables IMPLICATIONS Numerous implications can be drawn from the present study for practice which promotes and creates a new dimension to nursing profession and will bring numerical changes in the practical behaviors. The present study results have several implications on nursing practice, nursing education, nursing administration, and nursing research. Nursing practice Nurses can teach the care of premature babies to mothers whose babies admitted in NICU by using LCD. Motivate the mothers to give better care to their babies. Nursing education The study helps to provide knowledge in preparing mothers to provide care to the babies. Nurse educators can encourage the students to gain knowledge in care of premature babies. Nurse educator can encourage the students to learn skills in demonstrating care of premature babies in obstetrical and gynaecological wards. Nurse educator can prepare the nurses in motivating the mothers for care of premature babies by means of explanation and demonstration. Nursing administration Nurse administrator can plan and organize in service education for nursing personnel regarding care of premature babies. Nurse administrator can encourage the nursing personnel to conduct a longitudinal study of caring skills of premature babies. Nurse administrator can organize a video show regarding the caring skills of premature babies. Nursing research Nurses must develop newer instructional technology towards nursing education and nursing practice on care of premature babies. The study gives emphasis to practice evidence based findings. The study lays down a foundation for further research LIMITATIONS Only forty samples were included in the study due to the time constraints. The study is limited to who has delivered baby before 37 weeks of gestation. RECOMMENDATIONS A similar study can be conducted for a large group in different areas on a long term basis. Similar study can be conducted among other health personnel. Similar study can be conducted by using true experimental design. Similar study can be conducted by using different teaching strategies. A comparative study can be conducted to assess the knowledge and practice in care of premature babies among normal delivery and LSCS mothers ABSTRACT The present study entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Effectiveness of educational intervention on knowledge regarding caring skills and coping abilities of mothers with premature babies at KMCH in CoimbatoreÃ¢â¬ . The objectives of the study were as follows, assess caring skills and coping abilities of mothers with premature babies, determine the effect of educational intervention on knowledge regarding caring skills and coping ability of mothers with premature babies, compare the pretest and post test score of caring skills of mothers with premature babies, associate the caring skills and coping ability of mothers with selected demographic variables. The Design of the study was Single group pretest posttest pre experimental design experimental design. The study was conducted at KMCH maternity wards and NICU, Coimbatore, the sample size for this study was included 40 mothers with premature babies. Purposive sampling technique was adapted for this study. And the conceptual frameworks for this study we re developed by applying Ludwigvon Bertalanffy (1968) general system theory. The outcome measure of this study was knowledge regarding caring skills of mothers were assessed before and after educational intervention through administration of structured questionnaire and the coping abilities of mothers were assessed through modified coping health inventory for parents (MCHIPS) computer assisted teaching was given to the mothers. The results of the study was the mean pretest and posttest knowledge scores of the mothers with premature babies before and after educational intervention were 12.12 and 18.while mean score of coping abilities of the mothers with premature babies were 82.65.In comparison of caring skills and coping abilities, Ã¢â¬ËtÃ¢â¬â¢ value of caring skills was 21.32 which is significant at 0.05 level. Coefficient of correlation between caring skills and coping ability is 0.76 which shows that there is a high positive correlation between caring skills and coping abili ty. There is no association between pretest and posttest knowledge score of the respondents on caring skills of mothers with premature babies and their education, occupation, income, type of family. The conclusions of the study were the teaching intervention of the caring skills of premature babies has significantly improved their knowledge and coping abilities.
Monday, January 20, 2020
It was a chilly nineteenth century Christmas Eve, and everybody throughout England were in a festive joyous mood, prepared for Christmas. Everybody except Scrooge who thought Christmas was a waste of money. Scrooge was money hungry, solitary, insensible, uncaring and selfish to say the least. Well he was not completely uncaring about everything. He did seem to care a bit too much about money. He cared so deeply about money that he did not feel heat or cold. No warm or wintry weather effected him. No amount of rain or snow could keep him from going to work. Slowly nature had reformed his features to resemble his heart. He had a pointed chin, shriveled cheeks, dim scary eyes with patches of black underneath, and thin blue lips from which a rough low voice was produced. The only one who ever greeted him was his cheerful, golly, and merry nephew. But his kindness only caused Scrooge's hatred towards him to deepen. They had many discussions about Christmas. It always ended with Scrooge ge tting very mad and using the word humbug in every other sentence. His nephew however always left in the same happy mood without saying one heated word to Scrooge. During his life, Scrooge got a visit from 4 ghosts. The first one was his deceased friend Jacob Marley. That ghost scared Scrooge out of his wits. Then there was the Ghost of Christmas Past, - a supernatural figure with white hair but not a single wrinkle in its face. The Ghost of Christmas Present, a giant who is very golly and is dressed quite elegantly in a green robe. The last one the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come. He is a scary phantom. All Scrooge can see is the black robe covering him. Scrooge can?t see his face either. The phantom is the scariest because it is mute and never says a w... ...ck home and scrooge immediately falls asleep. When he wakes up and sees that it is Christmas morning he starts jumping and running all about. While he is struck with this great amount of excitement, he shaves, irons his best pair of clothes, buys some poor families a big turkey, gives money to the beggars, and goes to his nephew?s house where they are celebrating Christmas. The nephew opens the door to Scrooge and everyone is hearty. He cares for all and is always full of merriment. His laughter is contagious, and he becomes quite popular among kids and adults too. The next day Scrooge highers his clerk?s salary. The clerk is happy and the Scrooge becomes very close to the clerk?s sons and daughters. Tim survives and Scrooge is like a second father to him. During the rest of his life Scrooge gives many poverty-stricken and penniless people money. All ends well.
Saturday, January 11, 2020
Isolationism pertains to the foreign policy that involves two major actions, non-intervention with regards to military actions and protection of economic activities. In the area of non-interventionism, the political leaders are observed to circumvent any coalitions with other countries as well as any participation in warfare and other forms of self-defense activities related to territories. In the area of protectionism, legal barriers are erected in order to regulate any exchanges related to trade and sharing of cultural information with individuals representing other states. The concept of isolationism is often mistaken as a non-interventionist way of thinking or philosophy and international policy associated with liberty, which entails unrestricted trading and traveling between individuals from any part of the world. It is thus best to employ the term libertarian isolationist as the policy of non-intervention or not participating with any activities or not getting associated with any political relations with a foreign country yet still retaining the capability of participating in free trade. The doctrine of non-participation of the United States through the refusal of entering into any form of alliance, agreement or commitment with a foreign country has been observed during different decades. Such isolationist policy is also coupled to the attempts of the United States to instill a sense of self-reliance based on a stable economy by dedicating efforts of the advancement of the country, in both routes of diplomacy and economics, while maintaining a condition of peace by keeping away from any associations with other countries and responsibilities. It is understood that developed countries generally engage in trade relations with other countries in order to expand its labor force as well as raise their standard of living based on the rise of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economy. However, the United States is known to follow a protectionist policy which entails isolation from any form of engagement with trade relations with other countries. The leaders of the United States believe that such policy is beneficial to the United States, while economists express the opposite, that such policy is detrimental. Other critics have expressed that since the United States is recognized as the biggest consumer of the world and carries it own rich natural resources, it can identity specific conditions that should be applied to products and services that are brought into the country. This condition is the opposite of the free trade policy, which allows any country to perform any particular action that is recognized to be their expertise, and in turn benefit from the trading of their products. The adoption of the isolationist policy is the result of the conditions of a particular country, such as war, crises and uprisings that may originate from other countries. The isolationist policy adopted by the United States was mainly due to the effects of World War I, the Great Depression and the significant influx of immigrants. The decades of the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s and the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s were characterized by the isolationist conditions in the United States, wherein there was social seclusion from any form of engagement with countries around the world. The coined attitude, known as the Red Scare, was based on the Sacco and Vanzetti trial. In this setting, Americans gave more focus into instilling tranquility in their homes, more than providing efforts in achieving and instilling peace in other countries. It has been described that the United States adopted the isolationist policy because the country was already exhausted by global issues at that time. With this in mind, the political leaders of the United States were very anxious in staying away from issues and associated effects of war. This can be observed in the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928, which stated that war was outlawed as a tool for international policy. In a public address given by Warren G. Harding in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s, it was expressed that a supergovernment is the least of the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ dream and in turn, attention should be given to national issues instead. It was also stated that adopting the isolationist policy is not selfish, but is actually a form of sanctity. The result of the Treaty of Versailles is another example of the adoption of the isolationist policy by the United States in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s and 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s. In this case, the U. S. Senate did not agree to ratify the Treaty which states that the United States would engage in the League of Nations. The United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ refusal to approve this Treaty showed the contempt of the U. S. over concepts of idealism at the international level, because the United States feels that engaging in this Treaty would eventually lead the country to war. The United States then was actively expressing the war is a contagious disease which can spread around the world at a very fast pace. With this stand, the Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936 and 1937 were created, which prevents the re-emergence of ties between the United States and any war actions or policies (Doenecke, 1982). The many faces of isolationism are clearly shown during the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s and the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s. During these decades, the political and social views and American policy were turned towards isolationism, such as the increasing fear of communism, exhaustion from the idea of war, and the anti-radical hysteria. In the next decades such as the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s, these same socialist isolationist views were also evident, but this time the political policy was turned towards and internationalist point of view. Isolationism, however radical in concept, resulted from the circumstances in which it was derived from. Reference Doenecke JD (1982): American Isolationism, 1939-1941. Journal of Libertarian Studies, Summer/Fall 6(3):201-216.
Friday, January 3, 2020
Rachna Foundation [RACHNA ON THE CROSSROADS] Rachna Foundation is in a turbulent phase with greater than expected influx of mentally disabled children and governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s strict new regulations. Amidst the usual battle for arranging finances it is finding it hard to keep its mast upright. Rachna on the crossroads On a busy Friday morning, while Dr. Lalitha was busy attending to her patients at her home based clinic, she got a call from the office of Rachna Foundation. The office staff had received a call from the Paper cup machine supplier in Sivakasi, Tamilnadu requesting them to send a scanned copy of the draft at the earliest. The task was simple but a copy of requisition letter signed by her was also required along with the copyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦There are various reasons for the disability: Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Viral infections in young children like meningitis, viral encephalitis Head injury/trauma Consanguineous marriages (or marriages between people related to each other by birth) Child malnutrition Government of India through Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is lending its support. It has set up National Institute for the Mentally Challenged in Secunderabad. It has also been supporting the organizations/NGOs which are active in this area through Ã¢â¬ËDeendayal Disabled Rehabilitation SchemeÃ¢â¬â¢ to promote Voluntary Action for persons with Disabilities. The scheme in order to facilitate delivery of various services to persons with disabilities by voluntary Rachna on the crossroads organizations provides grants-in-aid to NGOs for various projects. Also, there are various other schemes like Scheme of National Awards for Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, Scheme of National Scholarships for Persons with Disabilities, Schemes arising out of the Implementation of the Persons with Disabilities, Trust Fund for Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities. The NGOs/other organizations dealing with special people work on different areas such as: Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Special Schools for the Persons withShow MoreRelatedHealth Promotion Is A Process Of Empowerment3669 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagescritical analysis ofÃ¢â¬ ¦.Discussion will centre round the importance of utilising health promotion to reduce health inequalities. Health promotion is a process of empowerment which enables communities and individuals to strengthen control over the determinants of health in order to achieve their fullest potential. 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